Saturday, 22 August 2015

Changing the Rules of the Political Game

Remembering Sant Longowal on his 30th Death Anniversary

This is an account of Manushi’s attempts to organise a meeting for communal amity on June 25, 1985. It may provide some notion of the enormous obstacles all of us face in promoting community based politics. It also shows how the power structures at the local level tend to thwart any spontaneous political initiatives, no matter how noncontroversial. Even to accomplish small things at the grassroots level, people have to put in a disproportionately huge effort and take big political risks. Most people give up in despair even before thing have gotten underway. That perhaps explains why there are so few political efforts at the neighbourhood/community level, and why even fewer survive.

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Monday, 10 August 2015

Frenzied Jingoism is Not Patriotism : Appeal for Sanity to TV Channels


The TRP wars between 24x7 TV channels have become a real menace to quiet consideration of important public issues in India. It’s relatively easy to ignore the frenzy being routinely whipped by our TV channels on sundry issues as a daily ritual. But when they do the same for issues that have far reaching implications for national security, one despairs at the inability of our hyperventilating TV anchors to understand that there is a world of difference between patriotism and hysterical jingoism.

Here is an example of how delirious coverage of select events in Kashmir on prime time TV is causing serious damage to India and to the peace process in Kashmir.  Cutting across the political spectrum Kashmiris complain how the hysteria unleashed by Arnab Goswami and his many clones on TV is derailing calm decision making by both the central government as well as the state.  Several separatist leaders mock at how their work is being done far more effectively by Indian TV channels and mainstream newspapers than what they can achieve on their own.  For instance, when Times Now gave obsessive prime time coverage for weeks on end to a lone Pakistani flag being waved in one closed door meeting-- something that has happened every now and then over the years –it  evoked great mirth among separatists some of who told me,  "Waving of one Pakistani flag waved would have remained insignificant happening in the normal course of things but Arnab created the impression as though the entire Valley was covered with Pak flags implying that the secessionists had the upper hand in the Valley.  We are thankful to him for creating a larger than life image for us. This only adds to our clout and appeal among the youth”

Similarly, when Hurriyat's Geelani group called for a seminar that included Sikh separatists and pro secession advocates like Gautam Navlakha, Arnab Goswami went ballistic for days on end till he forced the hands of J&K government to ban it.  It is worth quoting what Geelani's closest colleague Altaf Fantosh said to me : "If they had let us organize the meeting no more than 100 persons would have attended it especially since it was within the compound of Geelani Sahib's house.  After all, we were not going to wage war against India, it was meant to be a mere discussion.  But Arnab hammered on and on till the government cancelled it.  By holding the seminar, we would have at best got a two column space in local Kashmiri papers.  But your TV channels ensured we got national, international mileage for days on end -- all for free.  You tell me who gained and who lost?" 

Another one of his colleagues added, "Now that national TV channels have decided to project us in such exaggerated light, we can take it easy and just indulge in occasional verbal provocation.  No need to take the risk of blasting bombs or firing grenades.  Militants do that to grab attention.  Now all we need to do it to set up a couple of boys to dress up like ISIS and wave a Pak flag for half an hour.  Arnab Goswami would do the rest for us."
While our TV anchors hyper ventilate at the occasional sight of a Pakistani flag, no one is paying attention to the rapid spread of petro dollar Islam in the Valley with its attendant radicalization of Muslim youth.  The traditional benign Sufi Islam is fast giving way to ultra conservative and fundamentalist Salafi Islam which is expanding the catchment area for jehadi terror groups.

In village after village, new Salafi mosques are mushrooming to overshadow the old Sufi mosques. In fact, Sufi Shrines are being systematically targeted as being un-Islamic.  While older generation Kashmiris may still go to the sufi mosques, the excitable youth are flocking to Salafi mosques which spoon feed them a highly distorted version of world events to show how Islam is under threat and Muslims an endangered species. The siege mentality thus engendered is helping recruit cadres for jehad.
Unfortunately, far from containing their influence, the mainstream parties of the Valley - NC, PDP and Congress have all lent willing or unwilling, covert or overt support to this expansion.  As a new comer to the Valley, BJP seems totally clueless about dealing with this mortal challenge which has full backing of Pakistan's ISI.  Neither development packages nor security operations can curb or combat this growing force.  Only if India learns to use its soft power far more creatively that we stand a winning chance to wean away Kashmiri youth from self destructive politics.

First posted at www.firstpost.com/ on July 24, 2015http://www.firstpost.com/india/tv-channel-jingoism-helping-separatists-even-salafist-islam-takes-root-kashmir-2360828.html


Madhu Kishwar

Madhu Kishwar
इक उम्र असर होने तक… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … …اک عمر اثر ہونے تک

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